Born inEntlebuch/LU the 26. Juli 1934
Primary and secondary school in Entlebuch/LU
School of Art in Luzern
School of Art in Bern
Works as a graphic artist in Lausanne.
8-month trip hitchhiking through Algeria, Niger, Chad, Congo, Uganda, Kenya and Tanganyika (Tanzania) Objective: The ascent of the Congo’s volcanoes (ex-Congo) and the Kilimandjaro. First contact with Africa...
Studio manager in Lausanne, working as a graphic artist and photographer.
Head of expedition - 11 months and a half of stay with the Touareg of Tassili n'Ajjer. Realization of a 90-minutes color documentary film with the title: "Ombres Bleues du Tassili" (Blue Shadows of the Tassili). The film was presented under the auspices of "Connaissance du Monde", in French-speaking Switzerland and three times at the Salle Pleyel in Paris in 1965.
Large collection of prehistoric tools from Erg Admer for the Basel Ethnography Museum. Ethnography collection on camel harness and objects of theTuareg life for the Ethnographic Museum of Geneva. Numerous photographic documents (Ethnography and Archeology).
Photographer and official filmmaker of the Swiss National Exhibition 1964 in Lausanne.
Head of expedition - three-month trip. Photographs about the black population of Fezzan. Exploration and Studies of Tassili’s paintings and engravings. Photographical documentation about the Touaregs of the Tassili Est and Hoggar mountains.
Photographic documentation about the nomads of South-Morocco and North-Mauritania, as well as about the sedentary people of the oases.
Publicity photos about Morocco for Swissair.
Three-month trip for Swissair.
Photos for advertising and tourism.
Photographical documentation about the nomadic tribes and the oases of South-Tunisia.
Photos about Tunisia for advertising and tourism on behalf of Swissair.
Head of expedition - a 6-and–a-half-months trip on behalf of the Swiss television, 2 Landrovers, 24'000 km, 5 participants, 6 color films of 30 minutes length under the overall title: "Man facing the desert".
Very complete photographic documentation about the country and the inhabitants of Algeria, Niger and Chad. Photographs of engravings and rock paintings of the Central Sahara as well as East- and South-Sahara. Many unpublished documents. Discovery of new rock paintings in the Enneri Blaka / Niger on the plateau of Djado (North Ténéré). Large collection of prehistoric tools from Ténéré for the Ethnographic Museum in Basel.
Two-month trip, 4X4 Landrover, Photographic documents about the rock paintings of the Adrar in Mauritania and the engravings in the Spanish Sahara. Ethnographic photos about these different regions.
Head of Expedition - three-month trip with two all-wheel drive vehicles. Discovery of 7 new prehistoric areas, unpublished and undocumented up until then, inside of Enneri Blaka (Djado Plateau). Exploration of salt extraction in Bilma / Niger and salt transport with camel caravans (Azelaï) through the Tenere to Agadez. Photographic documentation about the magnificent rock engravings in West-Mathendous in Libya. Also important photographic documentation of the mountains of Acacus / Libya and Tassili n'Ajjer / Algeria.
A six-months stay in Peru + 1 month in Ecuador and 14 days in Bolivia. Documentation for the book “Peru” published by Silva Publishing House in Zurich. Text author: Jean-Christian Spahni. Travel through the three typical Peruvian regions, the coast, the mountains and the jungle. Photographs at the Anthropologic Museum in Lima and at the regional museum in Ica. Visit of Tiahuanaco and La Paz in Bolivia. Big photographic documentation about ethnography and archeology of Peru.
Head of Expedition - Duration six months and a half.
Photographical documentation of the Sahel region. Archaeological excavation in the Adrar of Mauritania, region «El Beyed». Collection of paleolithic, 60'000 year-old tools. Exploration of lost Neolithic sites in the sand of Mauretania together with Professor Henri-J. Hugot from l.F.A.N of Dakar during a month. Documentation along the river Niger to Tombouctou and Gao, as well as the Peuls Bororo people in Niger. Important photographic documentation at the Dakar University Museum and at the Niamey Ethnographic Museum.
Photo Exhibition „Visions of the Sahara“ at the „Club de Lausanne” gallery. Duration 1 month, 103 50cm/60cm black and white photos.
Reports in North-Algeria, M'Zab, Saoura and Touat. Photographic material about Argiels on behalf of Swissair.
TV show in the series «All Countries of the World» (TV Suisse Romande) Theme: «Les Touareg» - 1 hour of show with two Tuareg from Niger. Excerpts of color film shot in 1961/62 «Blue Shadows of the Tassili» (Name of the film in France «Montagnards des Sables»).
Marrakech Festival, for the future book about Morocco.
Exhibition «Les Touareg» at the Ethnographic Museum in Neuchâtel (Director Professor Jean Gabus). Photographic collaboration for this important ethnographic exhibition: 130 enlargements 50/60 cm black/white and color. A giant wall photo of a landscape of dunes of the Sahara 6m x 20m. Color dia for the poster of the exhibition representing a Touareg. (3rd prize of the advertising FRP 1971, Palme de Bronze). Several ethnographic objects provided for the duration of the exhibition (9 months). Cover of the exhibition catalog with 12 black / white reproductions inside.
Exposition «Peru» (duration 1 year) at the Ethnographic Museum in Basel (director Dr. Gerhard Baer). Color and black/white photos, as well as various ethnographic objects from Peru.
A seven-month stay in Morocco for the photographic documentation of the book «Morocco» published by Silva Publishing House in Zurich. Text: Professor Henri-J. Hugot - Institute of Human Paleontology in Paris. Work in all the typical regions of the country and presence at all major traditional festivals. Photographs at the Museum of Antiquities and Oudaïa in Rabat, at the Museum of Batha in Fez and at the Museum of Dar Si Said in Marrakech.
Nine-month stay in the National Parks and the National Monuments of the U.S.A. Lots of photographs taken at the park museums. Travel from the Everglades in Florida to Washington, from Maine to California. In a home mobile shipped to Miami/Florida. Publisher of the in three languages translated book «The National Parks of the USA»: Silva Publishing House in Zurich. Author of the text: Sylvio Acatos.
After the stay in the U.S.A. for 75 days on the Panamericana through Mexico - Panama - Ecuador - Peru - Bolivia to Argentina.
8 months of stay in Argentina. Photographic documentation for a new book published by Silva Publishing House in Zurich. All provinces of Argentina from Jujuy to Tierra del Fuego. Text: Jean-Christian Spahni. 1 month stay in Chile, Paraguay and Brazil. Return by boat from Buenos Aires to Antwerp. (Trips 15, 16 and 17 in total 70'000 km in motor-home).
Exhibition: «Vision of the Sahara» in Sion and Brig / VS. 103 photos, size 50/60 cm, glued on aluminum.
Region of Djado - Kaouar - North Aïr and Tassili n'Ajjer. In the Enneri Blaka (Niger) discovery of a new area with rock engravings (No. 12). Inventory of the areas 13 and 14. Lots of photos of previously unknown prehistoric sites of the Sahara.
During six months, taking photographs for the book «Gauchos», published by the following publishers: Bucher - Lucerne - Frankfurt / Bibliothèque des Arts - Paris / ABC - Buenos Aires. 23'000 km in the Landrover through Argentina - Chile - Uruguay and South Brazil. Text: Alex Décotte.
Photographic documentation for two books:
«The Andes» Publisher C.J. Bucher / Lucerne / Frankfurt. Text: Hugo Lötscher, Jean-Christian Spahni and Herbert Wilhemy.
«Culture des Incas» Publisher Atlantis / Zurich. Text: Simone Waisbard / Paris.
Photographs in numerous South American museums about pre-Columbian cultures. 30'000 km travel in the Landrover.
Book with title «Central America» published by Silva Publishing House in Zurich. A six-month travel through Guatemala - Belice - El Salvador - Honduras - Nicaragua - Costa Rica and Panama. Text: Jean-Christian Spahni / Geneva.
A five-month stay in Belgium for the book «Belgien» published by the Silva Publishing House in Zurich. Text: Georges-Henri Dumont / Brussels.
Five-month stay in Morocco to enlarge the photographic documentation of the book «Morocco» published by C.J.Bucher Verlag / Lucerne / Frankfurt (in German). «Maroc Millénaire» published by Bibliothèque des Arts / Paris (in French). Text: Professeur Henri-J. Hugot / Paris.
During a month - herd migration of the horses. Photos about herds and guardians.
Seven-month stay on the two islands. Photographs for the book of the same name published by Silva Publishing House Zurich. Text: Alex Décotte.
From the East-Coast to the Vancouver Island. A 50'000km long travel in a VW-bus LT35 visiting all the provinces, the territories of the North-West and Yukon. Flight from Edmonton/Alberta to Inuvik, from Winnipeg to Port Churchill. Book translated into three languages and published by Silva Publishing House in Zurich. Text: Jacques Roy
Taking photographs of the Rocky Mountains in winter during one month. Parallel to the book about Canada.
Taking photos during a twice three-month stay in the Provence and the Camargue for the book about these regions. Publisher Silva Publishing House, Zurich. Text: Alex Décotte.
During a twice three-month stay, photos for the book Bretagne and Normandie, published by Silva Publishing House in Zurich. Text: Alex Décotte.
An eight-month stay in this country for the photographic documentation of the book about Egypt at the time of the pharaohs and today's Egypt, translated into three languages and published by Silva Publishing House in Zurich. Photos about all the important archeological sites, 54 photos taken at the Cairo Museum of objects from the time of the pharaohs. Travel in a VW-bus LT35 from Venice to Alexandria und back per ship. Text: Barbara L. Begelsbacher, expert in Egyptology and Arnold Hottinger, NZZ about today’s Egypt.
A seven-month travel in the VW-bus LT35 during summer, fall and winter. Photographies for the book with the same name, published by Silva Publishing House in Zurich. Text: Riitta Arnold-Marila.
From Rotterdam to Montreal by ship. Photographic documentation about the Indians of the North-West Coast of Canada and Alaska/USA - Photos at several museums about the different Indian cultures of British Columbia and Alaska. Published by U. Bär Publishing House in Zurich in German, Italian and English (Facts On File - New-York/Oxford). Text: Dr. Peter R. Gerber.
Travelling by car through California for the photographic documentation of the book with the same name, published by Silva Publishing House in Zurich, besides, in intervals, visiting the West of Canada. Text: Harold Haefner.
A book about the Indian culture Pueblos (Anazasi), published in German by U. Bär Publishing House in Zurich and in English (Facts on File - New-York/Oxford).
A book with the title «The Rhone» covering the whole river from the Rhone Glacier down to the Camargue, published by Silva Publishing House in Zurich. Text: Franz Auf der Mauer.
Book: «Cowboys & Rodeo». From Rotterdam to Montreal and back by ship and then with VW-bus LT35. Theme: The biggest Rodeos of the West and the live of the Cowboys on the ranches in British Columbia, published by U. Bär Publishing House in Zürich. Text: Alex Décotte.
Second part of the photographic documentation for the book Cowboys & Rodeo. A trip by plane and rental car.
A six-month trip in the VW-Bus LT35 from Oslo to the North Cape including the Lofoten Islands published in German, French and Italian by Silva Publishing House in Zurich. Text: Claudia Palser-Kieser.
Two stays of two months each for the photographic documentation of Venice, an additional stay of one month covering the carnival. Book «Venedig» edited and published in three languages by Silva Publishing House in Zurich. Text: Camillo Semensato - Padova/ltaly.
Documentation and photos for the projected book: «The Road of Spices». Travel by plane of three weeks.
Photos of different ports at the Red Sea, a three-week trip by plane.
On the search of documents and photos about Antwerp and the VOC (Dutch East India Company) for the planned book «The Road of Spices», a two-week trip by car.
Indonesia (Java-Sulawesi-Ambon-Ternate-Tidore and Banda) - Malaysia with Penang - Sri Lanka - India (Kerala Region of Bombay and Rajasthan)
Book «The Route of Spices» published by Silva Publishing House in Zurich. Text: Jean-Christian Spahni.
A six-month stay in two parts for the book «London», published by Silva Publishing House in Zurich. Text: Georges Waser, NZZ.
Systematic search of rock engravings following the border of the Aïr mountain range facing the Tenere. Photographs for the projected book «Sahara-Art rupestre». By plane of the Niger’s president from Niamey to Agadez and then with a 4x4 car in Tenere and Aïr and back to Niamey. A stay of one month.
Photographs for the Silva Publishing House in Zurich, a book about the eternal city and the Vatican. Trip made by car and a stay of five months. Rent of an apartment outside of Rome. Text: Théodore Wieser.
Photos for an exhibition and for the projected book «Sahara-Art rupestre». Two months stay. Travel by plane, truck, tractor and ... donkey.
Search for rock engravings for the future book about the prehistory of the Sahara. Stay of two months and travel by plane and ... camels.
Photos taken in summer, autumn and winter of Central Switzerland for the book published only in German: «Rund um den Vierwaldstättersee», published by Silva Publishing House in Zurich. Travel by Motorhome:Text: Fritz Kamer.
A book about the «Valais» published by the Silva Publishing House. Several stays during eight months. It is the last book of the Silva Publishing House, which no longer exists. Travel in the motorhome, as well as two flights with Air-Glacier around the Matterhorn and to the Aletsch Glacier. Text: Fritz Kamer.
Canals and region of Burgundy. Press travel with TGV and ship.
Press travel to the south of Tunisia by plane (Geneva-Tozeur and back Djerba-Geneva) and bus.
Flight Paris-Niamey, Transport by 4X4 rental cars between Niamey, Agadez and Adrar Madet (Ténéré). From Madet, a camel caravan trip including 13 Tuareg and 44 camels across the Ténéré and the Aïr mountains. Life in a caravan and meeting with nomads Tuareg. Return from Iférouâne to Niamey by car. Flight Niamey-Paris and travel by TGV to Switzerland. Total stay of 45 days.
The book «Sahara - Art rupestre», published by Editions de L'Amateur-Paris in 1999 (text by Professor Henri Jean Hugot and preface by Professor Théodore Monod), is a detailed catalog of rock paintings and rock engravings of the Sahara. For Maximilien Bruggmann, this book is the work of life with more than 600 pages and more than 650 photographs. The photographer effectively owns one of the most complete collections of photographs about rock art of the Sahara.
Exhibition at Y-Parc of Yverdon, spread over three floors. 38 paintings in the format 70x100 cm and 50x70 cm and 41 color photographs in a white frame.
Travel by plane to Niamey and further with off-road vehicle and camel caravan consisting of 38 camels and 12 tuaregs. Route: Adrar Madet - Guelta Agamgam (New Year 2000) - Iférouâne - Agadez - Niamey. Stay 45 days.
Travel by plane, with off-road vehicle and camel caravan. A new itinerary for an European. Search for rock art. On the site of Ilem discovery of a shelter under a rock with unknown rock paintings dating from the Neolithic. Pictures of two lion traps on stone. 45-day stay. Return by Iférouâne-Arlit-Agadez-Niamey.
Life in Tuareg camps for 45 days. Travel by plane, off-road vehicle and camels.
Travel by plane, bus and on foot. Climbing the mountain Sigiriya to photograph the painted women, frescoes on the top of the rock. Colombo - Trincomale - Kandy - Colombo. Flight over the Maldives.
Itinerary on the camel trail in Tamgak North, with 36 camels. According to the Tuareg, this path had never been used before by a European. Travel time 45 days; plane, off-road vehicle, camels and on foot. Search for rock art (cave under a stone at Afis). Life with the nomads.
Documentation about life in the desert. Caravan of 12 Tuareg and 41 camels. 45 days of travel by plane, 4X4 car and caravan.
Exhibition of photos organized by the "Kunstverein Amt Entlebuch". November 2004, at the high school in Schüpfheim/LU.
Prague and its surroundings. Press travel made by plane and bus.
Press travel made by airplane, off-road vehicle and bus. Visit of Tunis, Sidi Bou Saïd, Bizerte, Tabarka and the Roman ruins of Bulla Regia.
We can discover his working methods, his travels, his dreams, his visions of the world as well as the environment in which he evolves ...
Maximilian makes a selection of his slides (more than 100'000 slides 24x36 and 6x6). During this period, he has digitized, classified and provided with legends about 14'500 slides.
The exhibition shows a first itinerary from Niamey, capital of the Niger, to Agadès, the most important city in the Aïr-Massif, then the encounter with the Peuls-Bororo and the Tuareg. The magnificent landscapes between the mountains and the desert also hide the evidence of past civilizations from the time when the Sahara was green. The found rock engravings testify the presence of man and a disappeared fauna (cattle, giraffes, etc.)
Graphic artist by profession, photographer by passion, Maximilien Bruggmann gives his photographs a rare aesthetic. The conscientious accuracy in archiving is important to him, especially of documents that cannot be found anymore and are irreplaceable.
Maximilien Bruggmann, one of the great stars of photography, dies at the University Hospital in Lausanne on 21 August. He had just celebrated his 82nd birthday.
For half a century, Maximilien Bruggmann traveled the world to illustrate some sixty works, capturing the instantaneous existence of humanity and moments of eternity. He often went with his friend Jean-Claude Bourgeon to the remotest places of the Saharan desert, to meet their nomadic friends or in search of rock carvings whose authors, photographers before time, have inscribed the snapshots of prehistoric life in the stone, when the Sahara was still green.