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Niger - salt caravan (Azelaï) between Bilma and Agadez
Niger - Tenere - View of the Adrar Chiriet
Niger - Meet a camión from Bilma in the Ténéré Desert
In the camp at Oued Agamgam - Aïr - Niger
Decorated hands of a Targuia in the camp at Oued Timia - Niger
Nomad children in front of their tent in the camp near El Meki near Timia - Niger
Tuareg women take care of their goats in the camp near Oued Timia - Niger
The caravan crosses the desert near the Crab’s claw - in the background the Oued Arakao - Niger
March through the dunes of Erg Izane in the area of Chiriet - Niger
Crossing the almost endless desert of Erg Izane - Niger
The camp Bechar is situated at the well of Zakkat - Niger
Finally again water - camp Toufouchi - Guelta Enghar – Niger
The Tuareg women produce richly decorated camel covers - camp Zakkat - Niger
The desert of Erg Izane doesn't seem to have an end - Niger
The caravan starts early in the morning - Adrar Bous region - Niger
Waterhole of Eres near Temet, Niger - Canisters are filled with the precious water by the Tuaregs and then transported by camels.
The caravan (Azelaï) continues its journey after having spent the night near the tree of Teneré - Niger
The salt caravan (Azelaï) about 70 km from Agadéz during a sandstorm - Niger
Bunch of grass - Enneri Blaka - Niger
This lunar landscape is the saline of Teguidda-n’Tessoumt in the Niger.
The well of Guelta Timia - Niger
The "Submarine" in the Wadi Enneri Blaka got this name thanks to its form. In this region there are many objects of rock art.
Dead tree in a landscape of dunes of Tehouak - Niger
Guelta Iffazane - Niger - Water springs from the ground and flows through several degrees into a small lake.
Niger - Two rhinos clash - Stonecutting at the confluence Enneri Blaka / Enneri Domo
Niger - On the western edge of the Aïr - engravings at the site Tanakom
Niger - Ténéré - a millstone Neolithic, found with his crusher.
Niger - Tadrart - Site In-Djaren - Giraffe painted in a shelter, width 43 cm
Niger - Tadrart - Site In-Djaren - Rock isolated with 8 carved elephants
Niger - Aïr – Site Tagueït-up - Fresco of carved giraffes
Niger - Djado - Enneri Blaka, Site 5 - Engraving of a rhinoceros, period of hartebeest
Dabous (Aïr occidentale) – Fresco with animals: giraffes, ibexes (?) Etc. The giraffe measures 1.15 m from nose to tail.
Tendarine (Niger-Aïr) – Engraving of giraffes and antelopes
Tuareg girl in the camp of Mechovi - Aïr - Niger.
A baby carrier made of goat leather for the little Djamila in the camp of Toufouchi – Aïr –Niger.
Dunes and a dead tree - This tiny dead tree contrasts with the immense and sensual sand dunes caressed by the wind. - Tenere - Niger
Objective Arakao - At the edge of the Aïr and the Ténéré, the Arakao mountains become visible on the horizon, setting the goal of a long day's march for the caravan. Caution: Bring enough water! - Niger / between Aïr and Tenere / 1999
Dunes in Arakao - The Arakao region is part of the Aïr Massif, which is still one of the most wooded areas in the Sahara. However, at the border of the Ténéré and its dunes, the already sparse vegetation disappears abruptly. - Niger / between Aïr and Ténéré / 1992
Exploring - Like a Scout leader, Abakaoua explores the narrow passage that leads to the top of the dunes of Ifiniyane.
Light caravan - For one-day trips, the camel drivers leave behind bags, riding saddles, food and feed supplies at the camp. They will only ride the camels when the heat makes walking unbearable. - Niger / between Aïr and Ténéré / 1999
Caravan leaving for Gouloukou - Gouloukou is marked on the map! The sound of the name is reminiscent of gurgling water. This is not surprising: Gouloukou is a fountain where tadpoles like to have fun. - Niger / between Aïr and Ténéré / 1999
The lost stone - At sunset, the shadow of a rare stone points north-east. - Niger / Ténéré / 1975
Marble, Oued (Wadi) In-Gall - At the foot of marble blocks, the sea of sand crashes like the ocean against the jagged cliffs that have been polished during millennia. - Niger / Aïr / 1992
Color variations - Only green is missing, the rarest color in the desert... and symbol of life.
Traces of the wind - Foot and hoof prints withstand only for a short time against the endless impressions the wind traces in the sand. - Niger / Ténéré / Erg Izane / 2001
The great outdoors… - The caravan moves southeast, towards the endless Ténéré. - Niger / Ténéré / 2000
Guelta of Enghar - Probably the coldest water in the Aïr! The sun never shines into the depths of this rock cleft on the trail to Toufouchi. - Niger / Aïr / 2001
Guelta of Agamgam - Among volcanic walls, clan chief Abakaoua leads his camels to a drinking hole and its amazingly fresh, cool water.
Hanging from the moon - In this lunar landscape, a tree spreads its network of roots and branches across a wide area to catch the meager dew necessary for its survival. Yet another miracle! - Niger / Aïr / Piste d'Agamgam / 1992
The only possible way - In a narrow canyon, the caravan of camels examine the only passable route through the rocky chaos. - Abri Ilem / Niger / Aïr
Rock-art site of Tanakom - At the edge of the Aïr mountains, the petroglyphs converge at the mouth of the wadis (valleys), where the savannah life prevailed the longest after the onset of desertification. They testify to the fact that giraffes and lions cavorted here with the animals of Neolithic cattle herders. - Niger / Between Aïr and Ténéré / 1992
A bit of family history - Abdelkrim ag Ahrmed, son of Ahrmed ag Chaoua, is the grand-son of Chaoua and comes from a dynasty of caravan leaders. In the language of the Tuareg, Tamacheq, “ag” means “son of”. - Niger / Aïr / 2003
The red boulder - A clear day on wadi Tafidet, which – though rarely – carries water from the Aïr to the Ténéré. Driven by an exceptional flood, this rock broke off its route and, when the sun reappeared, had landed here. - Niger / Ténéré / 1992
Where there’s water, there's life - The waterhole of Iffazane offers a rare treasure: water, which provides for fresh greenery throughout the year. - Niger / Aïr / 2002
Return from the well - The donkeys are tired, the water odres are full and the sun approaches its zenith: a common sight on the track between Iferouâne and Arlit. - Niger / Aïr / 2003
Selima, a Targuia from Zakkat - Her husband is still a nomad, but Selima has become sedentary. In the Zakkat oasis, she educates her two children and takes care of a herd of goats. A Targuia is a woman; a Tuareg, a man. - Niger / Aïr / 2001
Natural mosaic - Long before man existed, nature took over the sole raw material, stone, to draw and sculpt eternal forms. - Niger / Aïr / Takaloukouzet / Detail of the bedrock / 1993
Rock site of Tagueït - Was the Neolithic woman interested in fashion? At least that is what this image, set in stone by man long ago, seems to show. Height of the figure: 1.10 meters from the top of the hair to the base of the feet. - Niger / Eastern Aïr / Tagueït Site / 1992
Tuareg child - Framed by a tuft of hair dedicated to Allah and amulets bearing verses from the Koran, the look of this boy scans his whole future dedicated to faith. - Tezirzek / Aïr / Niger
Gazelle grass - In the Ténéré, vegetation is often limited to individual grasses, sparse food for gazelles and cattle, but a poetic toy for the wind.
The dunes and the bird - A picture puzzle: Where is the bird? With a magnifying glass, one can see the black and white Moulay-Moulay (white-crowned wheatear from the Sahara, Oenanthe leucopyga), which is traditionally regarded as a lucky charm for travelers.
Targuia at the fountain of Tezirzek - Between the high plateau of the Aïr Mountains and the Ténéré, the Tezirkek fountain attracts nomads and their animals. Unlike the men, the women do not wear a headscarf. - Niger / between Aïr and Ténéré / 2003
Dunes at Temet - In the dry season, the Wadi Temet consists only of a red-hot riverbed featuring the silhouette of a dead tree, which the dunes protect and threaten at the same time. - Niger / between Aïr and Ténéré / 2003
Marble and wood, a still life - A composition of desolate eternity in the land of Kel-Kédélé.
The two sisters of Toufouchi - Their features are clean; their look, determined. And a firm will is needed to survive in these inhospitable latitudes. The two sisters of Toufouchi look after the goats, cook, fetch water and find enough time in between for jokes and laughter.
Kids games - When his feet touch the ground, it will be time for the older child to become a man. Then the carefree days of childhood and adolescence will come to an end. - Niger / fountain of Tezirzek / 1992
Selima and son - Called «cul-nu» by the photographer, the son of Selima hides his tiny garment under the wide skirt of his mother. - Niger / Aïr / Zakkat / 2001
Dusk over the Arakao - The dead tree in backlight is reminiscent of a fallen figure by Giacometti. - Niger / between Aïr and Ténéré
Light and Shadow - The sun rises on Arakao. Nothing will disturb the silence of the shadows or the stillness of the light. - Niger / between Aïr and Ténéré / 1992
Tuareg warrior - With a single blow of his Takuba, Boubakar ag Mohamed has beheaded a jackal... what a feat! As the leader of a clan of ten families from the Kel Takriza tribe, formerly feared in the Sahel because of their raids against black farmers, today he is the most peaceful of Tuareg dignitaries – and the one wearing the most makeup! - Niger / Western Aïr
The prehistoric rock shelter of Afis - 2500 years ago, hunters, gatherers and cattle breeders lived in a once heavenly green savannah and painted the already magical and fascinating image of women on the rock wall. - Niger / Aïr / 2001
The great crossing - Through rippled sand waves and immense dunes, the way of the caravan seems to be without end. - Niger / Ténéré / Erg Izane / 2001
Draw me a shadow - Shadow of life, shadow of death in the solitude of the desert. - Niger / Between Aïr and Ténéré / 1999
Lone Tree, region of Adrar Bous - How did this tree grow roots here? How has it survived the winds, the hungry herds and the men looking for lumber? Maybe they let it live because it provides unexpected shade in return. - Niger / Ténéré / 2003
Abakaoua, a Targi of the Kel Tédélé tribe - Symbol of the stubborn resistance of his people, chief Abakaoua ag Kanom is proud of his 72 years of age and wears an indigo cloth covering his head and shoulders, as well as khol makeup.
Smiling woman - The smile of this woman at the well of Tezirzek shows confidence in her freedom and the serenity that a hard but happy life offers. - Niger / Ténéré / 2003
Balance - The sculptor god has chosen a huge space under the sky for the exhibition of his work. Admission is free for all who endeavor to come here. - Niger / between Aïr and Ténéré / 2000
Silent sands - Listen to the song of the dunes, a mysterious symphony of souls and bodies. - Niger / Ténéré / Arakao / 1992
Niger - caravan in the evening light - Erg Izane
Azalaï is the name given to the caravans that transport salt from Bilma to Agadez. The route is strenuous and dangerous even for the dromedaries, as proved by this skeleton in the foreground.
Young woman from the Kanouri ethnic group in the Kaouar region, Ténéré (Niger). Noteworthy is her traditional silver nose ring depicting a snake biting its tail. Equally frequent are the unavoidable black flies, which pervade everyday life in the Sahara.
At the edge of the Ténéré (Niger), the wind avidly shapes the beautiful dunes of Temet. This sea of sand is only limited by the high mountains of the Aïr in the distance.
In the Aïr, a pathfinder on foot looks for the best way to cross the dunes. - Erg Izane / Aïr / Niger
These two giraffes, etched into a rock ledge, are 6.50 m tall and were engraved around 8000 b.C. (Dabous site, Western Aïr Mountains, Niger).
Young woman from the people of Peul-Bororo at the fountain of Ekismane (Tahoua region, Niger).
A bow and arrow hunter in leather sarong: what an amazing motif to photograph! This man from the Peul-Bororo tribe was photographed in the Sahelian area of Tchin-Tabaradene, in central Niger.
A surreal lunar landscape in the middle of the Sahara: the salines of Teguidda-n-Tessoumt on the Hoggar road, which leads from the Algerian border to Agadez (Niger). The saline water is taken from the source in buckets dug in the salt-gorged sand. The sun does the rest.
The Ténéré is one of the least populated regions in the world, except here on the “salt route” from Bilma to Agadez (Niger), where loud trucks have replaced the steady, serene pace of the camel caravans.
Tea time in the small village of I-n-Jitane (Niger, Erazer valley), in the middle of the Sahelian region.
This girl from the Peul-Bororo tribe, photographed here near the Ekisman well (Niger), probably descends from distant relatives from the high valley of the Nile.
The Niger river (4200 km) in Niamey.
The National Museum of Niger in Niamey.
On the way to school (Dogondoutchi region).
The Mosque of Moujia, Tahoua, Niger.
Main street in Tahoua
A herd of zebu cows in the Abalak region.
Niger – Sahel - The festival among the Peul Bororo
Niger – Pulling for beauty - Peul Bororo
At the well of Ekismane, a little Bororo shepherd.
Young Peulh Bororo musician. On his side he carries a takouba, the sword of the Tuareg people
The minaret of Agadez
Niger - The Tuareg chief Abakaoua from the Aïr region
Niger - caravan in Erg Izane
Touareg caravan - On their way to a distant water source, the caravan stop before nightfall, and then the camels are fed with the hay they carry on their packs. - Niger / Ténéré / Erg Izane / 2000
Niger - Tenere - In the morning, camels are grouped
Crossing the Tagardet pass in the Aïr mountains.
Near the waterhole of Baloumat, a great boulder offers shelter.
Taguella is bread made of wheat and baked in the sand.
Between the Aïr and the Ténéré (Arakao, Niger), it is dusk in the Sahara and the “crab pincer” of the mountains suddenly forms one of the most beautiful dunes in the world.
At the edge of the Ténéré, Chef Abakaoua leads the way.
Arrival at the Kel Tédélé camp site.
Sheltered by trees at the Kel Tédélé camp site.
The pantry – or the best way to keep food out of animal reach.
Preparing tea at the Toufouchi camp site. (Aïr, Niger)
A cradle made of goat leather for little Djamila. (Toufouchi, Aïr, Niger)
A Tuareg woman, placid pride rooted in a millennia-old matriarchate. (Oued Tchioulmas, Aïr, Niger)
Mother and children at the Arali camp site. (Oued Issaouane, Aïr, Niger)
Tima using her goat´s milk to make a cheese called Tukemarine. (Toufouchi, Aïr, Niger)
Tuareg nomads selling salt cakes at the camp site. (Camp Aouï, Aïr, Niger)
White marble rising from the sands in the Kogo region. (Oued Gouloukou, Aïr, Niger)
Here at the guelta one can find the precious liquid, even when the river dries up. - Guelta Baloumat / Aïr / Niger
In the morning light, a caravan strolls in the Temet wadi - Aïr / Niger
Filling up with water for people and camels at the Takarit well. (Oued Takarit / Aïr / Niger)
«Water is life» – filling the guerba, made of goat leather. (Guelta Baloumat / Aïr / Niger)
Last efforts in the Ténéré before arriving at the well - Erg Izane / Ténéré / Niger
This Tuareg boy´s hair plaits are consecrated to Allah. - Campement Abakaoua / Puits de Faris / Tezirzek / Aïr / Niger
The guelta of Agamgam, last station before crossing the Ténéré. - Aïr / Niger
Hunter or warrior? This engraving, still unknown to the public, dates back to 3000 b.C. - Abri Ilem / Tamgak / Aïr / Niger
Rock engravings at Tanakom: Giraffes and cattle at a time when the Sahara was still green.
Tagueït prehistoric site: Was this Neolithic woman interested in fashion?
Herds of giraffes engraved on the rocks at Tagueït. - Aïr / Niger
Niger - The Tree of Tenere, a thorn acacia, today disappeared
Old ksar abandoned at Djaba in the Djado region / Niger
Niger - Oasis Chirfa - Region Djado - Women Kanuri
The Kakala salines, near Bilma - Kaouar / Niger
Niger - Salt extraction at Bilma
Untouched portrait of a worker at the Bilma saline.
Salt statues, a living eternity. A worker at the Bilma saline.
The mushroom-shaped salt is loaded onto camels for transport. - Bilma / Kaouar / Niger
Salt caravan (Azaleï) moving through the Ténéré – 600 km of desert until Agadez!
Adventure in sight - In the Sahara, buses and trucks for passenger transport are rare and fares are expensive. Between Bilma and Agadez, they follow the traditional path of salt caravans. - Niger / Ténéré / 2002
The chief’s toothbrush - Boubakar ag Mohamed does not smoke. He uses this piece of wood, taken from a very widespread bush in the Sahara called the «Abesgouin», to clean his teeth – which by no means detracts from the authority in his eyes! - Niger / Aïr / 2001
Niger - The caravan leader Mohamed ag Boubakar with his toothbrush.
Dried plant in the dunes - Erg Brousset / Ténéré / Niger
Arakao, dunes and dead tree - between Aïr and Ténéré / Niger
Dunes in the region of Tagueït - Aïr / Niger
Arakao, dead tree - Aïr / Niger
Portrait of a young Touareg - Faris / Aïr / Niger
Dead tree at Tagueït - Aïr / Niger
Black woman from Bilma in the Kaouar valley in the desert Ténéré - Niger
The Tuareg Kel Tédélé - Kogo / Aïr / Niger
Oued Adjirigoudou, Takabar volcano - Aïr / Niger
The lost stone, evening - Oued Tafassasset / Ténéré
Climb to the guelta d'Agamgam - Aïr / Niger
Touareg woman at the well of Faris - Aïr / Niger
Aïr / Descent to Adrar Chiriet
At the end of a long and beautiful day in the desert, the tired caravan will set up camp in the pasture, between dunes and mountains. Tomorrow will be another day.
Aïr / Dunes near Tezirzek / To the next well
In the labyrinth of dunes, the guides know how to find the way to the well where they can get water for men and camels.
Erg Izane / Departure into beauty
When the shadows are getting longer, they highlight the beauty of the last dunes before reaching the "blue mountains" in the Erg Izane.
Ténéré / Témète», the pet
Témète», a dog of the breed azawak, precious assistant of the hunter and the shepherd, has its place in the caravan. Its name means : link between men.
Aïr / Tagueït / The guide
In the desert, it is always the man of knowledge and experience who chooses the best route to preserve the resources of the caravan.
Aïr / The "taguella"
Cooking the taguella owes everything to the desert. The sand acts as an oven, heated by the embers of wood carried on camels.
Erg Izane / Getting into another world
The caravan is about to enter a mineral universe that is no longer the world of men but that of an intact nature where only the nomads know how to survive.
Ténéré / The long walk
Beyond the dunes of Izane, the massif of Tahmert will be the point of arrival in the evening of a long and beautiful day sailing through the Sahara.
Ténéré / Erg Izane / Stop in the shadow
No tree, no rock as far as the eye can see. For the rest of a few minutes, the only shadow is that of the camels, but they can only turn their backs to the sun.
Aïr / Tamgak / The relaxation
In the mountains, men finally find the time and the place of a real relax where water and fire get married.
Aïr / Toufouchi / Beauties of the desert
In the camps the camel-drivers find their wives dressed with their finest attires, like the sailors on their return to the harbour....
Aïr / Toufouchi / Pantry
Food and cooking utensils are placed high to protect them against animals. All the containers come from nature, except the pot.
Zakkat / Building a roof
In the oases, the nomads exchange meat and milk for the grain of the gardeners and the tools of the blacksmiths. The huts are often made of straw and leaves.
Aïr / Camp Chanounou / A veil of respect
To guide the ancestral way of life, tradition and freedom are combined with respect for each other.
Toufouchi / Gift of the sky
In the shade of a tree, swinging gently in a goat skin hanging from a supple branch, the young child is the object of all attention.
Toufouchi / The school of life
In order to participate in the life of the camp, the girl learns the necessary skills at an early age so she can help the family. Here she is preparing to grind millet in a mortar.
Arakao / The reward
Nestled in the heart of the desert, the site of Tchin-Taborak is a jewel like no other. Here is the image of eternity and peace of soul.
Erg Izane / Waking up in the heart of the world
Immense, mystical and intimate at the same time, the deep Sahara reveals itself to those who show themselves worthy. Patience, humility and respect are the keys.
Indi Kouarodo, Toubou woman of French father (Chirfa / Niger / 1968)
Tuareg blacksmith woman (Tézirzek well / Aïr / Niger / 1992)
Wife of Chanounou, chief of a traditional Tuareg tribe (North of Aïr / Niger / 2001)
Woman wearing feathers, engraving of the horse period (Tagueït / Aïr / Niger)
«The palm of the hand does not overshadow the sun» (Tuareg proverb)
On indigo fabric background, nomad woman's hands and traditional Tuareg jewellery
Shepherdess of the Iférouane region (North-Aïr / Niger)
The trees feed the goats, which feed the nomads (Nord-Aïr / Niger)